Notes from the Field: Free Bagged Leaves Pick up During Leaf Season

If you have (3) wheeled carts for trash, recycling, and organics (green waste), this means you reside within City limits and cannot pile leaves into the street. During Leaf season only, your service provider will collect up to 5 additional bags of leaves every week at no additonal charge. Just place bagged leaves next to your organics cart on your regular service day. These leaves are then sent to local compost facilities.

Leaf bags must contain only leaves. If bags contains leaves mixed with grass trimmings, branches, brush, or other non-leaf content, the bag will require an “Extra Sevice” sticker. “Extra Service” stickers are not required for bagged leaves during Leaf Season (October 1 thru December 31). After December 31, only bags with “Extra Service” stickers will be picked up.

*Street sweeping only picks up what falls naturally on the street. * 

**The City of Stockton has some San Joaquin County pockets within City limits. County residents are allowed to pile leaves in the street for removal, but city residents are prohibited from this practice.**

Please do not put leaves in the street.

Go Green in Every Room: Plastic Free Pantry

Open pantry with glass containers within

The pantry can be a place where many single-use plastics live, including food packaging and plastic storage bags. However, there are a few easy ways to purchase the same great food while reducing waste. Consider the options below to help reduce plastic waste in the pantry.

Glass Storage Jars

Glass jars can be purchased or recycled from other food products, such as pickle jars for example. They are an ideal way to store food, as it is easy to see what’s inside, they typically fit nicely next to one another on a shelf, and their lids generally seal better than plastic food containers. When buying groceries, it is easy to put bulk items like beans or grains in a glass jar brought from home. Depending on the store, cashiers may ask to weigh your jar before you fill it, or they may ask you to self-weigh on store provided scales. This weight will then be subtracted from the total weight when it is time to pay.

Be sure to call ahead to see if there are any COVID-19 related bulk container restrictions at your store.

Silicone Storage Bags

This lightweight option is a great way to store smaller items or leftovers, like crackers or chips. It is easy to bring on the go, just toss it in a lunchbox or backpack when you’re headed out of the house.

Reuse Spice Jars

Once the original packaging of a spice is empty, it can be reused. Both glass and plastic spice containers are refillable, and often have a lid that can be unscrewed for easy refilling. Spices can be bought in bulk and are typically cheaper than their pre-packaged equivalents. When it’s time for more, simply bring the container to the store, have it weighed when empty, and refill it at the bulk bins.

Be sure to call ahead to see if there are any COVID-19 related bulk container restrictions at your store.

Beeswax Food Wraps

These handy cloths are made of fabric dipped in beeswax. They can be purchased from a local vendor or even made at home. They are great for protecting baked goods like breads or muffins. The cloth is wrapped around the items, and then naturally clings to itself creating a seal around the food.

November 15: America Recycles Day

America Recycles Day Logo

America Recycles Day is November 15th! To celebrate, people across America are taking the day to organize, educate and make our recycling systems more functional! Keep America Beautiful, the organization who founded this celebration of recycling, says that November 15th is “a nationally recognized day dedicated to promoting and celebrating recycling in the United States.” They encourage the public to participate by utilizing toolkits provided through the America Recycles Day website and forming action groups with other community members.

Why Recycle?

So, why does recycling need a special day? The United States recycles less than 22% of materials discarded, though much of what is wasted could technically be recycled. A big part of the problem is caused by public confusion on how to recycle. If we can sort out the confusion, many of these items could be turned into new goods and prevented from entering landfills. For example, recycling five plastic bottles produces enough fiber to fill one winter jacket. Here is another surprising fact: every three months, enough aluminum cans are thrown into landfills in America to build the nation’s entire commercial airline fleet.

Get Involved

America Recycles Day is aimed at helping dissolve the confusion around recycling, offering many ways for the public to get involved, from attending an event, or organizing one to simply signing up to participate individually. Those who wish to take the recycling pledge can sign up on the website, and commit to a 3-step promise: learning more about their local recycling facility and how to recycle, taking action to reduce waste over the month beginning November 15th and sharing their new knowledge with others.

Ways to Take Action

  1. The first step to creating meaningful change in recycling is to educate yourself on what is recyclable in your community. Our recycling guide includes disposal information for hundreds of commonly used items as well as alternative ways to recycle, ways to reduce, and ways to reuse.
  2. Once you have got a handle on how to recycle, go the extra mile and attend a recycling or cleanup event. Check out Keep America Beautiful upcoming events to get involved.
  3. Another way to support recycling is by spreading the word. To make this easy, Keep America Beautiful has provided templates for writing letters to the editor and getting proclamations from local government leaders.

Notes from the Field: Free Appliance Drop off at Select SJC Landfills

The San Joaquin County landfills recycle appliances for FREE. They will accept two per trip of larger appliances such as refrigerators, air conditioners, freezers and water coolers. They will accept nine per trip of medium to smaller appliances such as washers, dryers, microwaves, ovens, water heaters, stoves, space heaters, dishwasher, and/or trash compactors.

Please do not leave appliances on the street.

The following San Joaquin County Facilities accept appliances for free:

Ask the Experts: What is Biodegradable Plastic?

dishwasher pods
recycle questions

Have a tough recycling question?
We’re here to help! Ask the Experts »

Q: What is biodegradable plastic?

A: Biodegradable plastic is a tricky topic! Why? Because it’s a blanket term applied to many different plastics. It’s made in different ways by different companies but called the same name because it’s designed for a similar end: biodegrading.

Let’s start by defining the term biodegradable. When something is biodegradable, that means it can break down into organic materials. Regular plastic cannot do this — it can only break down into smaller pieces of plastic, which is a synthetic material.

How Biodegradable Plastic Is Made

In general, biodegradable plastics are made from petrochemical (oil-based) polymers that are put through a chemical process to turn them into plastic. In this way, they are just like any normal plastic.

However, some biodegradable plastics are made from plant-based plastics — bioplastics — or a combination of plant-based and synthetic plastics. Plant-based plastics are made by taking polymers that exist in nature and putting them through a similar chemical process to turn them into plastic.

How to Dispose of It

It’s important to know that biodegradable plastics are not recyclable. And just because they are capable of biodegrading does not mean that they will. Some require very specific conditions or special microbes in order to biodegrade, and some require a very long time.

For instance, one of the more common types of biodegradable plastic has chemicals added to it that can help it break down in open air and sunlight, whether that’s out in a field or floating in the ocean. However, it is not designed to break down when buried underground (in a compost or landfill) or submerged in water. Without enough oxygen and sunlight, it may never biodegrade.

You wouldn’t really want this kind of plastic to break down in the environment anyway, though — or in a compost pile, or in your water supply. The chemicals that have been added to it can leave behind a toxic residue, and some types of “biodegradable” plastic will not actually break down into organic molecules at all. Instead, they break down into smaller pieces of synthetic plastic, also known as microplastics.

For these reasons, anytime you see something labeled “biodegradable plastic,” toss it in the trash. That way, when it breaks down, it won’t pollute anything other than the landfill.

Dishwasher & Laundry Detergent Pods

Dishwasher pods and laundry pods are the exceptions to this rule. These products are made from polyvinyl alcohol, often referred to as PVA or PVOH. They are designed to dissolve in water and are fully biodegrade with the help of certain microbes present in wastewater treatment facilities.

Tricks to Beat the Plastic-Wrapped Treats

Scientists agree that single-use plastic is a big problem for our planet. Straws, takeout containers and plastic grocery bags are banned or in the process of being banned in many cities and states across the country. Unfortunately, single-use plastics seem to be built into many of our holiday traditions. Here are some simple tips to help you ditch the single-use plastic candy wrappers this Halloween.

Halloween Candy

Americans bought 600 million pounds of Halloween candy in 2019, and of the top ten most loved brands, eight are wrapped in plastic. For a holiday that encompasses just a single night, that is a whole lot of single-use plastic.

Unfortunately, it’s nearly impossible to recycle plastic wrappers. They’re too small to be sorted effectively by machines or by humans working on a fast-moving sorting line. So wrappers must be thrown in the garbage where they will end up in a landfill.

If you love candy, but hate the waste check out these sweet tips:

  • Buy from the Bulk Bins
    Many stores and candy shops offer bulk candy which can be put directly into a container or jar. Even if candy is individually plastic wrapped, buying from the bulk bin eliminates the need for a big plastic package.
  • No-Wrapper Candy
    (e.g. candy corn, gummy bears and chocolate covered raisins)
    No-wrapper candies are perfect for candy bowls at home. Some candies can be purchased from the bulk bins with no wrapper, which is the most environmentally friendly option.
  • Foil-Wrapped Candy
    (e.g. Reese’s Peanut Butter Cups, Hershey’s Kisses and gold coins)
    While the wrappers will still be too small to recycle, foil is non-toxic and decomposes more rapidly than plastic.
  • Paper and Wax Paper-Wrapped Candy
    (e.g. Pixy Stix and Bits-O-Honey)
    Like foil-wrapped candy, these items are too small to be recycled but are less toxic than plastic.
  • Paper-Boxed Candies
    (e.g. Nerds, Dots, Milk Duds, chocolate-covered raisins and Junior Mints)
    Paper boxes can be recycled once empty. Unlike plastic wrappers, paper boxes can be shredded into pulp and recycled various paper products. Place empty paper boxes into a paper bag and staple shut before placing in the recycling.

No matter how you celebrate this Halloween, do your part to minimize single-use plastic and reduce your impact on the planet.

California Expands Drug Takeback Program

pills on orange background

Keeping old medicine in the home can be problematic. It’s proven to increase illegal consumption by undesignated users, both accidentally and recreationally. Improperly disposing medicine in the trash can also lead to illicit usage, while flushing it risks polluting our water systems. Traces of pharmaceuticals are already being found in streams and tap water across the country.

So, what can you do with unwanted medications? That’s easy: properly dispose of it at any one of the 300 or more designated disposal locations across California.

Thanks to a partnership between the California Product Stewardship Council, National Stewardship Action Council, and voluntary actions of over 13 local municipalities and grocery stores, there are many new safe take-back locations for California residents. The partnership known as the California Drug Take-Back Program has expanded for the disposal of unused or unwanted medication to more than 300 sites across the state!

Here’s how it works:

  1. Remove pills from the bottle or other container.
  2. Keep creams and liquids in original containers and remove or cover your name and other sensitive information.
  3. Bring pills in a Ziploc bag and any liquids/creams in their original containers to a location on the map (below) and place in the proper bin.

Check out the map below to find a convenient location near you. More information about the program, including what you can and cannot include, can be found at

Re-Waterproofing Jackets

water drops on jacket

There is something amazing about a good waterproof jacket that keeps you dry through those wet and rainy days. However, without proper care you might find the water-resistant coating on your gear starting to fade, leaving you wet when you should be dry. Do not fret, we’re here to help.

What is DWR?

Durable Water Repellent (DWR) is a finish applied to the outside of winter outerwear to make it resist water. Unlike non-porous waterproof gear, gear with DWR is designed to “breathe,” letting excess body heat escape while also keeping you dry.

How to Keep DWR Working

To work well, your DWR coated gear needs to be washed every five to six uses. Dirt, oils and other debris reduce the effectiveness of the coating and will eventually allow moisture to get through your jacket. To wash your water-resistant jacket, consult the tag for care instructions. If you’re confused by the symbols on the tag, check out this simple guide. If the tag is missing or illegible, wash using cold water and a no-additive, scent-free detergent, either by hand or in a washing machine. Once clean, dry on low heat or hang to dry. Scented detergents or additives like fabric softener can reduce the effectiveness of the water-resistant coating.


You will know it’s time to recoat your jacket when it immediately gets soaked in wet weather. First wash the jacket that needs recoating using the instructions above. Then use a spray-on DWR coating, being sure to apply to all exterior surfaces but none on the interior. Let it dry completely before venturing out into wet weather. If your jacket is leaking at a seam, you can usually fix it by re-taping the seam with waterproof seam tape.

When to Replace

When you start to notice the interior lamination of your jacket is coming apart, that is a sign that it’s time to replace it. Consider keeping old rain jackets for use as windbreakers. When you select your next outerwear layer, look for one with an eco-friendly fluorine-free DWR coating.

Environmental Footprint of Milk Containers

bowl of cereal

From traditional cow milk to vegan options such as hemp milk, a wide variety of milk is available these days. Milk comes in three main types of packaging: the carton, the plastic jug and the glass bottle. Let’s go through the pros and cons of each of these packaging options to determine which is friendliest to our planet.



  • Milk cartons are lightweight, which minimizes greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions related to transportation. Less weight also means less material used in creating new cartons. On average a carton is 94% product and 6% container by weight.


  • Cartons are not recyclable because they are made up of mixed materials — paper, plastic and occasionally foil — that are hard to separate. Therefore, cartons must be tossed in the garbage and end up in a landfill.

Plastic Jug


  • Plastic jugs are made of a single material and therefore can be recycled.
  • Plastic jugs are the lightest weight option of the three most common container types. On average a plastic jug is 96% product and 4% container by weight. This means they have the lowest GHG emissions related to transportation.


  • Plastic jugs are not recycled into new plastic jugs due to sanitary concerns. Plastic jugs are typically “downcycled” into materials such as composite lumber. This means virgin plastic is used for all plastic jugs.
  • Plastic is made from fossil fuels.

Glass Bottles


  • Glass bottles are highly recyclable. Recycled bottles can be made into new bottles.
  • Some brands such as Straus reuse bottles through a deposit system. This eliminates the energy needed to remanufacture bottles.


  • Glass is heavy. On average a glass bottle is 75% product and 25% container by weight. Transporting milk in glass results in higher GHG emissions than transporting milk in cartons or plastic jugs.
  • Extracting new materials for new glass is energy-intensive.

While each type of container has its pros and cons, glass bottles are the most environmentally friendly option. This is due to the fact that extraction and manufacturing require the most energy in a milk container’s lifecycle. Glass bottles have a clear advantage over cartons and plastic jugs because they can be easily recycled into new bottles or even reused without remanufacturing. However, milk sold in glass bottles is usually more expensive than milk sold in cartons or plastic jugs. If milk sold in glass is too expensive, reach for the plastic jug instead. Remember to recycle your glass and plastic bottles empty. Milk cartons go in the trash.

Ask the Experts: What Can I Do with Old T-Shirts?

t-shirt on hangers
recycle questions

Have a tough recycling question?
We’re here to help! Ask the Experts »

Q: I have too many t-shirts. What can I do other than throw them away?

A: Many of us have a shelf or drawer filled with t-shirts from events or gatherings that are meaningful. But what can you do when, over time, these items wear out, or there are just too many of them? Repurpose them! There are a lot of easy home crafts and interesting ways to reuse an old t-shirt and save it from going to a landfill.

New or Usable T-Shirts

Some t-shirts just aren’t the right size or fit, or don’t get worn as much as originally planned. If they’re new or like-new, they can be donated to a local thrift store or charity. If a t-shirt is the right look but not the right fit, consider cutting the sleeves or neck. T-shirts still in somewhat good condition can also be donated to companies that will repurpose them into a new product.

Old and Worn Out T-Shirts

Worn out t-shirts can be cut up into small pieces to be used as cleaning rags around the house. Or cut them into strips and knot or braid them, to create an entertaining dog toy — just make sure your dog doesn’t eat it.

Sentimental T-Shirts

Old t-shirts with sentimental value that still have some life in them make great pieces for a quilt. There are many patterns available online, or craftspeople who accept whole shirts and can do the project from start to finish.

Get Crafty

There are many easy at-home craft projects that are perfect for old t-shirts. These include making bracelets, headbands, plant hangers and so much more. This helpful list provides many options for t-shirt crafts.